How do I Plant

Basic Planting Steps

decide what you want to grow and where outdoor plant? look up your zone by zipcode for what plants are recommended to grow. keep an eye on your outdoor space throughout the day and see where the light hits the longest and what remains shady. Most plants will have information about what their light requirements are, which will determine what place is best.

indoor plant? how much natural light you get is very important for what plants you get for your home, and can be modified if you are willing to invest in grow lights and other plant setups. other things to observe are your humidity levels, air flow, and average temperature.

research the plant!

Soil Types

sphagnum mossretaining moisturenot mixed in to soil but usually on top or surrounding to retain moisture. typically long strands sold dried or fresh.
Name Type Description
Sand drainage best for “loamy” soil types or succulents
Perlite drainage Standard drainage go-to. Mined... But plentiful?
Rice hulls drainage Sustainable drainage that will also biodegrade, byproduct of processing rice.
Lava rocks drainage> included in succulent mixes for extreme drainage
Earthworm castings organic matter good for nutrients
compost organic matter lots of free/affordable ways to procure
coco coir filler/moisture retention neutral ph and often sustainable alternative to peat moss, byproduct of processing coconuts
peat moss organic matter/moisture retention not sustainable as it comes from bogs and it takes thousands of years to grow

Soil Alternatives

if you’re worried about over/under watering, root rot, have pest problems like fungus gnats, etc, you might be interested in experimenting with semi-hydroponic planting.

LECA (dry clay balls) and Lechuza Pon (mineral stones) are examples of soil replacements when you need an aerated or PH controlled environment for your plants.

Only drawback is you need to occasionally rinse (atleast for LECA) and fertilize the plants so cannot be fully neglected. I prefer keeping them in glass jars to have an eye on water level and root systems.